Fungi Observations by Gene Kremer

Intended to document some of the local diversity of mushrooms and other fungi, and as practice in observation and identification of fungi. Best viewed with Firefox.
Primary Location: mixed woods (aspen, fir, maple, birch, pine) 20 miles north of Duluth, MN 47.043 N 92.095 W

common name
scientific name
date location/substrate;cap;gills;stipe;spore print;microscopic notes; comments...right-click /view image for detail
Mac/Safari use control-click and choose "Open Image in New Window"
..

2015 and Previous Collections


Mycena sp.


saved - no
spore print -
2015-11-04 Aon ground in mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm, purplish-brown, fading to striate edge, conical/large umbo; gills not attached, white, somewhat distant; stipe 5 cm x .7 cm, white.

Hypomyces cf. chrysospermus


saved - no
spore print -
2015-09-28 AWhite covering on bolete (likely Boletus subtomentosus).

Leccinum oxydabile or snelli


saved - no
spore print -
2015-10-03 ASolitary bolete with addl bud at base; cap 6 cm medium brown, smooth, slightly aerolate; pores white not staining or slightly pinkish; stipe 8 cm x 2 cm flattening at apex, dark scabbers. Comment: nice tasting, not darkening when cooked.

Clitocybe subconnexa


saved - yes
spore print - white
2015-09-20 ACeaspitose group on ground in mixed woods; cap 3.5-8 cm, cram colored, glaboraous, scalloped when older; gills white, notched, close; stipe 6-8 cm x .5-1 cm, irregularly shaped, white, smooth; odor pleasant, "mushroomy".

Gyromitra infula


saved - yes
spore print -
2015-09-14 BOn rotted log, 1-4 cm high; cap brown, irregular, 2 x 2 cm, multilobed with bottom edge loose but against stipe; inner surface smooth, gray; stipe light purplish grey, smooth, 2cm x 1 cm at base.

Boletus subtomentosus


saved - yes
spore print -
2015-09-14 AOn ground in mixed woods, small group; cap 3-7-9 cm, convex, medium brown with pileus pulling apart to show yellow underneath, context white; pores weakly radially arranged and decurrent, bright sulphur yellow, slowly and weakly blueing when bruised; stip weakly reticulated, 6-7 cm x 3 cm at apex tapering to 1 cm at base, brown, tough; odor and taste not distinctive.

Entoloma sp.


saved - yes
spore print - pinkish-tan
2015-09-05 AOn ground in mixed woods, closely grouped; cap 3-5 cm, dull yellow, convex, somewhat hygrrophanous; gills white, sinuate; stipe white, 4-7 cm x 1 cm, fibrous, smooth.

Lacaria cf. lacata

saved - no
spore print - white
2015-09-02 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap light purplish-tan, smooth, convex becoming depressed center; gills light lilac, subdistant, attached; stipe 4-8 cm x .5 cm, fibrous, purplish tan streaked wiht darker shade.

Boletus carminoporus Bessette
or Chalciparous rubinellus

saved - yes
spore print - brown
2015-09-01 BOn ground in mixed woods (balsam fir patch); cap convex, 4 cm, red with yellow edge, finely fibrilose/velvety; pores red, small, darkening but not blueing with contact; stipe 4 cm, glossy-smooth, reticulation (?) obscured by red skin, slightly tapering to apex and nearly bulbous at base; flesh greenish-yellow, not blueing.

Lactarius subserifluus Longyear (proposed)

saved - yes
spore print or latex - not obtained
2015-08-30 COn ground in mixed woods; cap dark buff, smooth, nearly planar (mature), thin edge; gills finely attached (?notched), buff turning darker brown; stipe 3-4 cm x 5 mm, fibrous, buff colored.

Lepiota magnispora or
Amanita farinosa
Kuo & Methven, Bessette

saved - yes
spore print - white
2015-09-01 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap white darkening to tan center, 3 cm, oval to convex, becoming finely scally and cream colored, edge fringed with veil remnants; gills free, white, close; stipe 5-6 cm x 5 mm, white, veil remnant/ring evanescent, swelling to small scaly/buff bulb without volva or ridge; odor 'fresh'.

Pholiota squarosa

saved - yes
spore print -
2015-08-30 AOn base of dead tree; cap 2-3 cm (immature), scaly, orangish-buff, convex; gills closed with partial veil but appear close; stipe 4-6 cm X 1-1.8 cm, same color as cap, scaly, fleshy; odor garlicky.

Entoloma cf. rhodopolium

saved - yes
spore print -
2015-08-30 BOn ground in dispersed groups; cap dusky white, smooth, moist, convex wiht variable shape (round to very lobed to bell shaped), flesh soft, white, some inrolled when young, smaller proportionally when young; gills close, decurrent, light pinkish-buff; stipe white, smooth, 3-6 x 1 cm, irregular sometimes swelling or tapering; odor not distinctive, taste radishy.

Marasmius cf. capillaris

saved - yes
spore print -
2015-08-19 AOn leaf litter, aspen/fir woods; cap .8-1 cm, cream darkening to brown center, finely hairy and srtiated; gills white, free or very finely attached; stem 2 mm x 5-6 cm, fibrous, brown. Comments: gills more close than M. epiphyllus and more broadly darkening than M. capillaris

Agaricus campestris
meadow mushroom

http://www.mushroomexpert.com/agaricus_campestris.html
saved - yes
spore print - dark brown
2015-08-10 ASmall group in grassy drive; cap 3 cm, white, smooth, globular/convex, flexh not changing color; gills pink, close; stipe 3 cm, white, equal, evanescent ring/veil

Tricholomopsis rutilans

saved - yes
spore print -
2015-06-10 ASolitary on dead log (balsam fir?); cap dry 3 cm, yellowish-brown covered with purplish/brownish fibrils; gills close, yellow, attached; slightly incurved edge; stipe 5.5 cm x 1 cm, no veil, striate pruplish brown on yellow base, base covered with white mycelium; odor fragrant; keyed out in Kuo & Methven "Mushrooms of the Midwest."
Ruffled Freckled Pelt
Peltigera cf. leucophlebia

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-12-15 Afoliose lichen on ground, gray/green on upper surface, white below with 'tufted rhyzines'; recognized by sight in Walewski.

Cladonia sps.

saved - yes
spore print - no
2014-10-29 Amixed lichens and moss on decayed stick; 1)pixie cups 1.0-2.5 cm x .5-1 cm, pale blue-green oac829, edge spiky to 4 mm. 2)1.5-3 cm x 1-3 mm spikes, mottled blue-green oac837/834. Mosses ascocarp and pleurocarp, leaves lanceate...

Lenzites betulina

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-10-04 Bbracket on hardwood, 3-10 x 2-5 cm, zonate lighter & darker tans with orange near origin, very thin context; hymenophore tan gills, straight (not mazelike).
Elm Oyster (sic)
Hypsizygus tessulatus

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-10-04 Acaestipose group on maple stump; cap widely convex 3-8 cm, light tan with slightly darker patches radially from depressed center, circle of bumps near edge, smooth, wet looking; gills crowded, white, distinctly notched at attachment and ?forked near attachment; stipe 1-3 x 1 cm white, smooth, equal, central to lateral; odor slightly farinaceous, taste mild/pleasant. Follow-up: posted on MushroomObserver and corrected from Tricholoma subresplendens (synonym?).
False orange oyster
Phyllotopsis nidulans

saved - yes
spore print - peachy orange oac695
2014-10-01 Abracket on wood; cap tan and light orange near inrolled edge, 10 x 5 cm, felty, finely hairy on margin, up to 1 cm thick thin fleshed, soft; gills crowded, orange oac789, forked near base; laterally attached. Comment: more orange than Tapinella.
Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

saved - eaten
spore print -
2014-09-27 Alarge polypore on dying maple; cap light orange, 5-20 cm, soft, 1-5 cm thick; pores lemon yellow, small pores; collected on Strand Lake in central St Louis County, MN.
Saffron Colored Cort
Cortinarius croceofolius

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-09-13 BIn dense cluster on balsam stump; cap 3-4 cm dark orangish-brown, convex, edge inrolled; gills covered with partial veil / dense white cortina; stipe 4-6 cm x 1 cm, hollow, white above and rusty brown near base, small fibres; flexh white.
Toothed Jelly
Pseudohydnum gelatinosum

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-09-13 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap brownish grey, finely velvety, soft, somewhat elastic and translucent; underside white teeth on brown cap context; stipe 2 cm, lateral, gelatinous.

Lepiota cristata

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-09-01 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm, brown scales on cream background with darker center; gills white; stipe slim, white.no image

Aminita sinicoflava (Vaginata group)

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-08-30 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap 4-6 greenish-grey, veil remnants, sticky, 1 cm striations along edge; gills free, white, crowded; stipe 11 x 1 cm tapering slightly to apex, white, smooth to finely hairy, saccate volva; spore print white
Lobster Mushroom
Hypomyces lactiflorum

saved - eaten
spore print -
2014-08-27 AA great year for Lobsters! Four times normal. Also Lactarius salmonicola, Suillus granulatus; Leccinum sp. also.

Entoloma cf. rhodopolium

saved - yes
spore print - reddish (light print)
2014-08-26 AOn ground in mixed woods; cap 8 cm cream with grey center, glaborous; gills notched, cream becoming salmon then reddish-tan; stipe 9 x 2 cm, smooth, white, equal but irregular, without ring; odor mildy chemical?, taste indistinct.

Lyophyllum multiforme

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-08-25 AClusters in line on ground in mixed woods; cap 4-8 cm white with dingy brown, subtley striated (silky), edge inrolled; gills crowded, white becoming creamy, attached to subdecurrent; stipe 3-8 x 0.5-1.2 cm, smooth, white, equal; taste and odor mild. Identified from picture in Bessette; genus checks with Kuo.

Clavaria cf. argillacea

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-08-24 Bgroups on ground in mixed woods; spatulate, yellow, 6 cm x .5 cm, attached to underground wood

Entoloma subgenus Leptonia sp.

saved - yes
spore print - reddish brown
2014-08-24 ASmall groups on ground in mixed woods; cap 2 cm gray becoming reddish brown with darker central area, scurfy, striated toward edge; gills white becoming light tan, close, free; stipe 6 cm x 2 mm smooth, dark brown.
Oyster Mushroom
Pleurotus cf. pulmonarius (ostreatus?)

saved - yes
spore print - creamy lilac
2014-08-23 ALarge group shelved on senescent maple tree; caps 4 x 3 cm to 10 x 13 cm, white with some light tan an edges of oldest (young group), slightly striate from lateral stipe attachment; gills decurrent, white, distant, 'clean'; stipe lateral, 3 x 2 cm to absent; slight anise smell, white flesh with indistinct to very mildy bitter taste. Comment: Summer fruiting, striation, and minimal brown suggest pulmonarius over ostreatus; lilac spore print equivocal.
Hedgehog
Hydnum repandum

saved - eaten
spore print -
2014-08-22 ALoose group on ground in mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm pale orange, irregularly planar with small umbo; teeth white becoming darker in age; stipe 3-4 cm x 1 cm; flesh white weakly staining orange, taste not distinctive. Choice edible.

Lactarius cf. uvidus

saved - yes
spore print - creamy-white
2014-08-19 BSolitary and numerous on ground in mixed woods; cap 6 cm gray with vinaceaous tints, viscid, nearly planar with downrolled edge and dpresses center, not or weakly zonate; gills close white, latex creamy white staining gills purple. Comment: taste suggests var. uvidus and staining r.o. var. montanus.

Boletus cf. varipes (rubipes?)

saved - yes
spore print - light yellowish-brown
2014-08-19 ASolitary on ground/well decayed conifer stump; cap 9 cm, tan, dry (picked in rain but glaborus when dry), convex; pores white (???pinkish)tan on drying, ~1 pore/mm; stipe well reticulated, brown on tan, 3-5 cm enlarged below coming to smaller base; taste indistinct (not noticeably bitter). Comment: Also found 2012-07-05 with similar description. Compare with bitter bolete B. rubipes.
Lobster Mushroom
Hypomyces_lactifluorum

saved - eaten
spore print -
2014-08-18 AIn mixed woods; deformed cap 5-20 cm, orange, depressed center; gills not present (parasitized); stipe short to absent.

Gymnopus confluens

saved - yes
spore print -
2014-08-04 AIn circle on ground in mixed woods, some in groups; cap 3-5 cm, dusky tan, smooth, moist-feeling, depressed center becoming vase shaped; gills tan, close, attached; stipe 5 cm x 1 cm broader at apex and base, base hairy and covered with mycelium/rhrizoids; odor pleasant/mushroomy.
Tawny Grisette
Aminita fulva (Vaginata group)

saved - no
spore print - cream
2014-07-31 BOn ground in mixed woods; cap 3 cm, conical, orangish brown, striate, w/o warts; gills white, free, close; stipe 10 cm white, smooth, without ring, saccate volva

Cystoderma cf. cinnabarinus

saved - no
spore print -
2014-07-31 AOn ground in mixed aspen/fir woods; cap 3.5 cm cinnamon brown with many 'openings' and aureolate; gills white, close, attached, edges slightly inrolled; stipe 3 cm x 1 cm, white above with cinnamon markings below, white mycelium at base.

Leccinium holopus var. holopus

saved -
spore print - dark brown purplish
2014-07-17 BOn ground in mixed woods (aspen, balsam fir, white birch) mature specimen; cap 10 cm, nearly hemispherical, pumpkin-tan, glaborous, very fine or no sterile edge; pores beige, very fine pores several per mm, slightly bruising dark tan, context white not turning colors when cut; stipe 12 cm x 1.5 cm, equal, dark brown scabers (sparse) on white background; picture look-a-like in Mushrooms of Northeastern North America, Bessette.; great with a little garlic and roux on pasta!

Pluteus cf. cervinus

saved -
spore print -
2014-07-17 AOn small decomposing log in mixed woods; cap 4.5 cm, convex, radial black fibrils on grey-tan base; gills white, fairly close, free; sitpe white, smooth, 4.5 cm x .7 cm, fibrous, growing out of wood; odor ? farinacious, taste at first sweet then mildly acrid.

Leccinum snellii

saved -
spore print -
2014-07-14 Asolitary in aspen/balsam fir woods; cap 5 cm dark gray brown, finely hairy; pores white bruising reddish brown; stipe 7 cm x 1.5-2 cm tapering slightly to base, black scabers, non-reticulated.

Clitocybe cf. squamulosa

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-07-12 ADisperse group on ground in mixed woods; cap 4 cm funnel shaped, orangish-tan darker to center; gills decurrent, close, light tan; stipe 4-5 cm x 1 cm flaring slightly at base, tan, weakly striate; odor farinaceous.

Cortinarius cf. corrugatus

saved - yes
spore print - rusty brown
2014-06-25 BSolitary on wood chip path; cap 2-3 cm convex, orangish-brown, darker umbo;gills somewhat close, rusty-brown, cortina absent or evanescent; stipe 3-5 cm x .75 cm streaked rusty-brown lighter at apex, fibrous, bulbous at base; spore print rusty-brown.

Agaricus sp.

saved - no
spore print - brown/purplish?
2014-06-21 ASolitary on wood chip path; cap light tan, smooth, 4.5 cm; gills pinkish becoming brown, finely attached; stipe 4 cm x 3 mm, light tan, smooth, fibrous/soft; spore print brown with purlish tones.

Tricholoma serratifolium

saved - no
spore print - cream
2014-06-20 AGroup of six around rotting stump; cap 11 cm broadly convex, very short, fine tan fibrils on lighter beige base, soft; gills attached, tan/white, edges finely serrate [eaten during spore print]; stipe 11 cm, off-white, smooth, no ring, fibrous, equal.

Gandoderma sp.

saved - yes
spore print - no
2014-06-15 Apolypore conk on dead aspen; 5-7 cm wide x 4 cm out x 4 cm high, lacquered-looking, purplish-brown top with white edge; tiny white pore surface underneath.
Clustered Collybia
Collybia cf. acervata

saved - yes
spore print - white
2014-06-15 BClustered to solitary on mixed woods floor (decaying wood); cap 2-4 cm, cream to tan, somtimes darker to center, moist, broadly convex becoming flat; gills white to cream, crowded; stipe 3-4 cm 2-3 mm broadening at base, pinkish-tan, smooth



saved - yes
spore print - brown (pinkish?)
2014-06-15 COn ground/grass near mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm, tan, convex becoming broadly depressed in center; gills close, brown, attached/notched; stipe 3-6 cm x 3-5 mm, tan, smooth, brown skirt-like annulus
Spring Oyster Mushroom
Pluerotus populinus

saved - no
spore print - no
2014-06-13 AOysters finally showed up.
White Morel
Morchella sp.

saved - no
spore print - no
2014-06-09 AFought the mosquitoes for them but finally got a few!

Snow Bank Orange Peel FungusCaloscypha fulgens

saved - yes
spore print - no
2014-05-26 AOrange cup on ground/moss in mixed woods, 1-2 cm across, inner surface bright orange, outer surface dingy blue-green.

Peltigera cf. polydactylon

saved - no
spore print - no
2014-05-11 ALichen on aspen stump, foliose, black upper surface with curled tounge shaped tan fruiting bodies above surface.

Trametes cf. cervina

saved - yes
spore print - white?
2013-11-03 AOn downed aspen log; grouped shelving polypore 1.5-6 cm x .5 cm thick, cream-colored with light tan zonation, finely hairy on top, wrinkled, soft and leathery; underside tan, 2 pores / mm, with white clumps (spores? weathering?); astipate/laterally attached.

?

saved - yes
spore print - lavender (light)
2013-10-29 AGroups on permaculture garden bed (partly horse manure); cap 3-5 cm convex with somewhat rolled edge, reddish brown, darker to center, moist, glaborus, not deliquescing; gills white becoming dark dull brown, adnate, close; stipe 4 cm x .5-.8 cm, fibrous, equal, color similar to cap darker towards slightly bulbous base.
'Honey Mushroom'
Armillaria ostoyae

saved - yes
spore print -
2013-10-09 Aon base of balsam fir stump; cap 4-10 cm, tan, convex; gills white, close, subdecurrent; stipe 10-12 cm x .7-01 cm, tan, flesh and gills staining orange, yellow mycelium aroung first 4 cm of base.
choice edible

Lepiota acutesquamosa / Echinoderma asperum

saved - yes
spore print - creamy white
2013-10-09 BOn ground in mixed woods; cap 7 cm, convex to planr, cinnmaon brown scales on white > tan background; gills free, white, close; stipe 8 cm x .5-1 cm, membranous ring, without volva

Cortinarius cf. infractus
on MushroomExpert

saved - yes
spore print - no
2013-10-09 COn ground in mixed woods; cap broadly convex, greenish tan with brown aureolation, edge downturned; gills notched, close, greenish white, many lamellulae; stipe 4 cm x 1-1.5 cm, white, bulbous at base.

Trametes hirsuta OR Antrodia cf. malicola
Roy Cain

saved - yes
spore print -
2013-10-06 Aon fallen aspen branch; top pale shades of tan, zonate, rubbery soft; underside pale tan/grey, pores 3/mm, resupinate on underside of branch and fan shaped on top of branch; odor pleasant
ruled out Trametes cervina (not resupinate), A. albidus (larger pores), Spongipellis (different growth form, pores); keyed with Tom Volk >> Bondarzewia which does not fit the growth form. Don't own Gilbertson and Ryvarden.
Ivory waxy caps
Hygrophorus eburneus

saved - eaten
spore print - no
2013-10-06 Bon ground in mixed woods; all white except yellow smear; cap white 3 cm concave slimy, stalk white 4 cm x 8 mm without ring or volva, gills adnexed to decurrent clean white not giving latex, spore print white also collected 2010-10-09

Lactarius salmonicoa / thyinos

saved - eaten
spore print - no
2013-10-06 Con ground in mixed woods; 3-7 cm light orange slightly viscid cap with concentric darker rings; gills, decurrent, forking, bladelike; stipe 7 cm x 1.5 cm same color as cap; spore print creamy; NOT green staining also collected 2010-10-09

Ischnoderma resinosum
online ref

saved - no
spore print -
2013-10-01 Bshelves on standing tree; top zonate brown, rubbery soft; underside powdery cream, bruising brown, extending down trunk of tree; odor pleasant, taste indistinct
Sulphur Tuft
Hypholoma fasciculare
online ref

saved - yes
spore print - brown, maybe purplish
2013-10-01 B large clusters on dead standing tree; cap 1-4 cm, sulfur yellow, convex with rolled edge, glaborus; gills attached, reddish to yellow, darkening, young with fibrous veil; stipe 1-8 cm x .5-1 cm, small darkened ring, equal, yellow turning reddish at bottom, caespitose, fibrous

Clitocybe candida
online ref

saved - yes
spore print - pale yellow
2013-09-30 A on ground in mixed woods; cap 10 cm white, smooth; gills white, decurrent, very close; stipe 3-4 cmx 1/5 cm, brittle, white.
Crimson Waxy Cap
Hygrocybe punicea
online ref

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-09-29 A Group on ground in mixed woods; cap 2-6 cm, orange, viscid when wet, broadly conical becoming upturned with wavy and folded edge; gills attached/notched becoming decurrent-looking, waxy, yellow-orange oac790, loose with many lamellulae; stipe 3-6 cm x .7-2 cm, hollow, orange-streaked yellow; taste/smell not distictive
Blewit
Clitocybe nuda

saved - yes
spore print - buff
2013-09-24 A clump in grass on path; cap2-6 cm, convex with rounded edge, lavender/violet oac438, smooth, hygrophanous; gills attached, close, same color; stipe 2-3 cm x 1 cm, same color, soft, bulbous near base; odor pleasant

Cystoderma terrei
(looked like Leucopholiota decorosa)

saved - yes
spore print - cream
2013-09-26 A small group on ground in mixed woods; cap2-6 cm, fine, cinnamon brown scales on cram base, convex to planar; gills close, cream; stip 2-4 cm x .7-1 cm, smooth cream above veil remnant, scaly brown below, white mycelial mass around base; odor pleasant, farinaceous; spore print cream colored; spores 2.5 x 4 , elliptical, smooth, inamyloid; KOH on cap turns dark purple; ? structure of pilipellis (3rd picture). Previously collected 2012-06-27
pilipellis & fallen spores

KOH reaction

Cortinarius sp., cf.
looks like semisanguineus but not as red

saved - yes
spore print - cinnamon brown oac719
2013-09-15 Asolitary or loose group on ground in balsam fir/aspen woods; cap tan, 3-7 cm, smooth, dry; gills attached, notched, dark tab, many lamellulae; stipe 4-6 cm x 1 cm, tan with reddish-brown sheath-like markings (peronate ?), fibrous, slightly enlarged at apex and base.
Silvery-violet Cort
Cortinarius alboviolaceous

saved - yes
spore print - rusty brown oac686
2013-09-15 Bon ground loose group; cap 1.5-3 cm silvery white with violet subtext, small broad umbo lighter, convex; gills attached, close, light violet becoming dark grey-brown; stipe 2-3 cm distinctly bulbous at base and tapering to .5 cm at apex, silvery-violet, flesh violet

Lactarius cf. uvidum

saved - yes
spore print - cream--pale yellow
2013-09-15 Con ground in mixed woods; cap 6 cm hygrophanus, pale violet-gray with subtle zonation, depressed center; gills white , exuding white latex that does not change color, stains gills violet-purple; stipe 4 cm x 1.5 cm, white, equal, brittle; flesh does not color on cutting

Ramaria cf. caulifloriformis

saved - yes
spore print - ? pale vellow
2013-09-15 Don ground, coral fungus 6 cm x 6 cm, fleshy white base, many ramifications with squarish tips, peach-colored

Lepiota cf. clypeolaria or cortnarius

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-09-10 in loose group or individual on ground in mixed woods; cap 5 cm, scurfy orangish brown scales and umpbo on buff base, rough edge, splitting; gills free, white, close, entire; stipe 6 cm x 1 cm tapering to apex, scurfy buff less so at apex, no obvious ring or volva, mass of white mycelium holding duff together at base; white spore print. Check spores Bessette p. 187

? Spongipellus spumeus

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-09-01 polypore on dead aspen; cap 3-6 cm, dingy white, soft and a bit lumpy; pores surface irregular, white, pores mostly round, minute; entire body firmly spongy

Tricholoma cf. serratofolium

saved - yes
spore print - creamy white
2013-09-02 BOne ground in mixed woods; cap 5-9 cm, convex to planar white with darker umbo, smooth, dry, cracking at edge; gills white, attached, lamellae edges not serrate; stipe 6-cm x 1.5 cm, white, tapering somewhat to apex, without ring

Chalciporous piperatus

saved - yes
spore print - olive
2013-09-0 on ground in mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm dark tan, very finely hairy, hemispherical, dry; pores minute, round, cinnamon colored; stipe 4-6 cm x .8-1.0 cm, tan, yellow mycelium coating underground base; flesh yellow, non-blueing; spore print olive
comment: keys out to C. piperatus, but not peppery and thicker stipe.
Journal Entry

This has been an odd year so far. Right now in mid August it is dry after weeks of soggy weater. This produced a bounty of Russulas that I did not have the time or inclination to ID. Also lots of Amanita, boletes (Leccinum, Suillus, ?), Gymnopolis, Innocybe, Psytharellas, and others. Oysters wer small and few, earlier. More Pluteus and Tricholoma than seen in previous years.


Pluteus bartelliae

saved - yes
spore print - pinkish
2013-08-16 BIn cluster on wood; cap 5 cm, tan/brown with darker center and edge, dry, nearly planar; gills salmon, free, fairly close; stipe 6 cm x 1 cm, equal caespitose?, smooth, white, some striation; odor rather like flesh when suggested.

Pluteus tomentulosus

saved - yes
spore print - pinkish cinnamon
2013-08-16 AOn ground/wood in woods; cap 7 cm, white with microfibers, dry, split,convex; gills off white/turning salmon, free, close; stipe 7cm x 1.2 cm, equal with bulb at base, smooth, white, some striation.

Ramariopsis sp.

saved - yes
spore print -
2013-07-27 Acoral, white, large blunt blades

Pluteus

saved - yes
spore print - light pink
2013-07-27 Acespatose on ground in woods; cap 3-5 cm, pinkish tan, bell-shaped, smooth, dry, minutely fibrous; gills pinkish-cream, loose, attached/notched; stipe 3-5 cm x .5 cm, striated tan, fibrous, hollow, no ring evident.

Entoloma cf. rhodopolium

saved - yes
spore print - brown
2013-07-23 Aon ground in woods; cap 3-5 cm, white, convex, smooth, dry, lateral indentations; gills white, close, attached, without partial veil; stipe 5-8 cm x 1.5-2.5 cm, white, smooth with longitudinal indentations, no ring evident.
comment: oddly shaped stipe seems distinctive. Radish odor not detected.

Crepidotus applanatus

saved - yes
spore print - brown
2013-07-19 Aon wood; cap 3-5 cm, white, smooth, soft; gills close, laterally attached, dingy tan;

Innocybe cf lacera

saved - yes
spore print - brown
2013-07-17 Aon ground in mixed woods; cap 3-8 cm, tan, convex with slight umbo wavy edge with age, fibrilose; gills close, adnate, tan with brown spots in age; sitpe tan 3-6 cm x .75 cm, fibrilose, no obvous ring.

Crepidotus mollis

saved - yes
spore print - brown
2013-07-17 Con ground in mixed woods; cap 2-5 cm, shell to kidney shaped, tan with small darker fibers; gills close, dingy tan; laterally attached

Russala sp.

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-07-17 Bon ground in mixed woods; cap 3-5 cm, rosy to red, convex, ege striate; gills cream colored, adnate, no latex produced; sitpe white, 3-5 cm x 1 cm, smooth, brittle, hollow; spore print white; taste indistinct

Thelephora terrestris

saved - yes
spore print - black
2013-07-15 Aon ground in mixed woods; fan shaped, clusterd, dark brown polypore

Lactarius cf. thyinos
investigate Laccaria

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-06-21 Bon ground in mixed woods; cop 3-6 cm, orangish tan with concentric variation, convex to involuted, silky; gills cream colored, subdecurrent, no latex produced; sitpe 4 cm x .5-1 cm, tan, smooth, not bruising, white hyphae on base; spore print white
Tree ear
Auricularia sp.

saved - no
spore print - no
2013-06-21On fallen fir log, brown rubbery shelf extending horizontally 3-6 x 3-8 cm, convoluted membrane 3mm thick, undersurface lustrous brown without gills or obvious pores, upper surface brown, hygrophanous,smooth ..

? Stropharia luteonitens (Vahl) Qul. (aka umbonatescens)

saved - yes
spore print - purplish black
2013-06-10small group in grass; cap orangish tan, 2 cm, 'bell' shaped' (flattish on top with steep sides), finely hairy, 2 mm of edge corrugated; gills adnate, close, dark tan; sitpe 3 cm x .4 cm, tan, finely striate, fibrous (not fragile), ? veil remnant fibre; darkens with KOH on cap

Heliocybe sulcata

saved - yes
spore print - white
2013-06-06group of 2 on dead wood; cap tan oac688, scaly near center, large indented striations .5 cm up from margin; gills white, entire, moderately close, finely adnexed; stipe 1.5 cm x .4 cm, rough, tan, fibrous;
Haymaker's Mushroom
Panaeolus foenisecii

saved - yes
spore print - dark brown
2013-06-02In small groups on grass and chip path; cap conical light brown 1-3 cm; gills attached, close, medium brown; stipe 3-6 cm x 3-5 mm, pale brown, fragile; spores ovoid, smooth, pileipellis cellular
pileipellis
Journal entry2012-07-22 Late fall and there are still suprises. I have littel time to ID them, but lots of small to tiny white innocybe/marasmius-looking shrooms on the forest floor. Lots of white, soft polypore, too, that I want to work on. Right after this rush.....
Green Oyster Mushroom
Sarcomyxa serotina

saved - yes
spore print -
2012-08-26On birch log in greenhouse [contaminant; was plugged with Reishi] pleurotoid; cap multilobed, convex to spatulate, small one peg-like, edges on older lobe scalloped, bluish to brown near edge with pale central area, soft, moist, tacky (took my thumbprint), non-staining; gills cream colored, relatively large but thin, close, decurrent up to very short stipe, laterally attached; taste mild, no significant odor.
Journal entry2012-08-26 Late summer in the woods. Had a nice flush of Suillus recently. Red and other Russulas everywhere, some Trichloma, some lobsters, and a few Leccinum. Current mystery mushroom (just below) I thought it (wanted to be) a shaggy mane, but isn't shaggy enough.

Nice foray with the Paul Bunyan Club yesterday. What a pleasant group! Just the right size, too. Mushrooming wasn't great except for someone found an early hen-of-the-woods and shared; also picked some 5" puffballs on the way home. Nice ID table and interested newcomers with great questions. Sigh, would be nice to have sucha local club. I'm finding that my memory for fungi is improving and expanding with more experience; better with other people along.

Visited the Lester River property for MLT and found a few nice, small chanterelles. Plan to get out to the Girl Scout property in early September.

Coprinopsis cf. atramentarius .

saved - no
spore print - black
http://www.grzyby.pl/coprinus-site-Kees-Uljee/species/atrament.htm
2012-08-26 In caestipose group on wood chip path, 8 cm; cap grayish tan oac648 to 676 with small scales, 3.5 cm (partialy opened), bluntly conical/cylindrical, lightly striated radially; gills white becoming black, very close; stipe 5 cm x 1 cm, white, fleshy
Pluteus cf. cervinus

saved - yes
spore print -
2012-08-20 In group on ground in aspen/fir woods, 7 cm; cap grayish tan oac710, 3-7 cm, convex, lightly striated radially; gills free, pinkish oac668; stipe 5-7 cm, tan, fibrous; spore print pinkish oac632.
Suillus granulatus

saved - yes
spore print - tan oac689
2012-08-19 On ground in balsam fir woods, 5 cm; cap speckled tan, 8 cm, convex, hygrophorus, ; pores ~ 1mmirregular shaped, cream colored, smooth edge; stipe 4 cm x 1.8 cm, tiny maroon glandular dots; flesh white but yellow under pore surface; spore print tan oac689.
Hygrocybe df. conica group

saved - yes
spore print - ?
2012-08-15 On ground in aspen/fir woods, cap 3 cm, red, conical, dry, smooth (almost shiny), darker at pointed tip; stipe 4 cm x .7 cm tough, fibrous, cream colored stipe; gills free or finely adnexed, cream colored; small cream colored spore print.
Amanita muscaria var. alba

saved - yes
spore print - ?
2012-07-05 On ground in aspen/fir woods, solitary, 13 cm; cap white, planar with white warts,9 cm; gills white, free; stipe white above ragged white ring slightly darker (fine striations) below, 9 cm x 1.5- 1 cm, slightly tapering to top, fibrous, hollow, prominent bulb at base of "muscaria type" ("indistinct with concentric zones of shagginess" - Kuo); spore print copius white
Tawny grisette
Amanita cf.fulva (vaginata group)

saved - yes
spore print - ?
2012-07-05 At base of tree (fir/pine) in aspen/fir woods, solitary, 9 cm; cap convex with peak, orangish brown fading to edge oac706-715 with striations botom 30% 2.5 cm smooth; gills creamy, close, slightly bruising tan; stipe cream colored at top with tan striations on lower 70%, 8 cm x 1.3-.9 cm,slightly tapering to top, fibrous, hollow, without ring, prominent sac-like volva around base; spore print white; reprtedly edible
Bolete


saved - yes
spore print - ?
2012-07-05 On mossy old stump in aspen/fir woods, solitary, 8 cm; cap convex tan oac717 6 cm smooth; fine pore surface white bruising tan; stipe 6 cm x 1.5-2 cm, fleshy,tan with reticulation top half; spore print ?
?
? Trichloma sp.

saved - yes
spore print - ?
2012-07-05 On ground in aspen/fir woods, solitary, 7 cm; cap convex cream colored smooth 3 cm smooth; gills crowded attached color similar to cap; stipe 6 cm x 1.5-2 cm at base, fleshy, color similar to cap; spore print ?
Inky cap
Coprinus sp.

saved - no
spore print - black
2012-06-29 On manured garden bed, 4 cm; cap convex, 3 cm, light gray with slight radial streaking, deliquesced in two days; stipe same color, 3 cm x 7 mm, hollow.

Leucopholiota decorosa

saved - yes
spore print - creamy (slight)
2012-06-27 Small, spread out group on ground near fir/aspen, 3 cm high; cap medium brown with darker warts/scales (tiny volcano shaped), rolled edge; gills creamy, close, attanched; stipe 2 cm x 1 cm, fleshy, brwon scales beneath ring.
http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/sep2001.html
Oyster
Pleurotus sp. (dyrinus or levis)

saved - yes
spore print - white
2012-06-25 On live maple 6 ft up in small group; Cap 10-20 cm kidney shaped, white, smooth (not hairy); gills decurrent, white, widely spaced, staining yellow at edge; stipe laterally attached, 6-10 cm x 2-3 cm, fleshy, firm, white, small annular ring; 'oyster' odor; some shrinking but no color change with KOH; spore print not obtained.
comment: lacks the wooliness of dryinus. Reportedly levis is summer (tropical) while dryinus is fall, but neither obtains in MN.
Oyster
Pleurotus populinus

saved - yes
spore print - white
2012-06-25 On dead aspen Cap 5-20 cm (waterlogged), white to tan, hygrophorus; gills decurrent, white, widely spaced; stipe virtually absent, laterally attached to tree; anise-like 'oyster' odor; no color change with KOH; spore print white; heavy rains produced a large crop of aspen oysters

Trichloma sp.

saved - yes
spore print - white (slight lilac?)
2012-06-24 On ground in aspen/fir woods, solitary; cap pale gray OAC772 darker to center, 5-6 cm smooth, convex to planar to umbonate; gills close sinuate/subdecurrent color similar to cap, large cells on gill edges at 30X; stipe 6 cm x 1 cm to 2.5 cm _bulbous base_, fleshy, color similar to cap; spore print white (very slight pink tint ?).
aka Common Collybia
Gymnopus dryophilous (formerly Collybia dryophilia)

saved - yes
spore print - buff
2012-05-27 prolific on ground (rainy) clumped, singly or in a line; cap 2-3 cm tan with darker center, thin fleshed showing gills at edge, dry to hygrophorus; gills buff colored attached/adnate, doubled toward edge; stipe 2-4 cm tan, hollow, fibrous, attached/clumped at base; spore print buff.
Snowbank False Morel
Gyromitra gigas / korfii

saved - yes
spore print - tan
2012-05-13three growing on edge of balsam fir/aspen woods; contorted cap 5-10 cm across and 4 cm high tan oac700 morphing mostly onto a white 3 cm stipe, some parts open to interior with many compartments
Yellow morel
Morchella cf. esculenta

saved - no
spore print - no
2012-05-13classic morel, fresh most like yellow, dried darker on edges.
Marasmius epiphyllus
http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/gallery/DisplayBlock~bid~6397.asp
saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-11-26Many growing out of leaf and twig litter in aspen/fir woods; cap 1-2 mm, thin, irregularly convex white, finely dusted under magnification; stipe 6-9 mm x .3 mm, light translucent tan growing out of twigs and leaves; gills white, few. attached, very loose.
45X

45x
Blue Stain
Chlorociboria aeruginosa
http://mushroomexpert.com/chlorociboria_aeruginascens.html
saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-10-14On downed aspen log, several small fruits; tiny stemmed fruit 2-3 mm wide and 2 mm high, cyan blue oac174; underside with minutely rough, slightly lighter cyan; stipe 1-2mm x .5 mm same color; wood of log stained blue-green
blueing

20X cap

20X underside
Rusty pored Polypore
Gloeophyllum saepiarium

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-10-14Shelves on aspen log, 2-5 cm x 1-3 cm x .5 cm thick; cap cinnamon brown zoned with slightly lighter bands, edge golden yellow and fuzzy; underside crowded frucate gills, tan oac775, mazelike dichotomously branched, edges fimbrate; laterally attached.
Violet tooth
Trichaptum biformis

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-10-13Brackets covering downed aspen log, 6 cm x 3 cm; cap fan shaped, zoned several light shades of tan, outer edge darker; underside violet when fresh, tiny teeth, velvety; laterally attached.

Bjerkdera adjusta

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-10-13Shelves on birch branch on ground, 5-10 cm x 5 cm; cap concave brown/tan, zoned, soft/leathery wet; underside gilled, tan; laterally attached.
Chicken of the Woods
Laetiporus sulphureus

saved - no
spore print - no
2011-10-4On birch log, small example; shelves 2-5 cm wide by 2 cm thick, sulphur yellow-orange, soft, velvety, underside with 1 mm pores, yellow, older parts tougher

1st chicken found on the land! Used to innoculate several fresh birch stumps.


Flocularia sp.

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-9-30Small group on ground in aspen/fir woods, 1.5-2 cm high; cap 1-2 cm rusty tan, squamose, convex with incurled edge; gills cream colored, adnate pulling away free when dry, large solid partial veil remnant attached to edge; stipe 1.5 cm x .5 cm surface like cap, distinct annulu; unable to obtain spore print.

Pholiota cf. limonella

saved - yes
spore print -
2011-09-21On broken birch in group, 3-5 cm high; cap 2-5 cm convex, younger yellow and slimy, older light brown oac756 with prominenet darker raised scales, turning reddish-brown KOH; gills adnexed/notched, brown oac756, crowded, edge broken, and with tan veil remnants; stipe 2-3 cm hard, fleshy, scaly lower, striate bown above where annulus would be; spores 3x5 microns, pileus without obvious clamps; no noticeable taste or odor
400x unit=2.5 mic

pileus 400x

Clitocybe sp.

saved - yes
spore print -
2011-09-18On ground in loose group in fir/aspen woods, 5 cm high; cap 3 cm convex with depressed center, smooth, dry, tan 0ac819; gills decurrent, clean, lamellae around edge, light tan 0ac801; stipe 4 cm fibrous hollow, caunose, tan oac818, white mycelium attached to base
Fox Lentinellus
Lentinellus vulpinus

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-09-08
2013-09-07
Multiple overlapping growing at base of maple tree 15 cm wide x 7 cm high and deep, distinct smell similar to oyster; individual caps 2-6 cm wide & deep, dry, smooth, tan oac766 darker at edges, soft and pliable; gills decurrent, sinuate, forking tan oac766,; stipe 3-4 cm x .5-.8 cm lateral tan oac758, fleshy, groove and irregular shaped (by crowding); spores on caps is white; microscopic work not done yet.

Pholiota sp.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-09-07on wood in fir/aspen woods 4 cm high; cap 4 cm smooth orange-tan oac748 smooth, dry, veil tissue around whole edge; gills orange-brown oac706 close adnexed; stipe .8-1 cm oarnage brown oac706, annulus remnant or darker below, fibrous brown roughness; spore print oarnge brown oac706; spores elliptical 5x8 microns, smooth. Comment: keyed out to Gymnopolis, but sproes of that are ornamented.
Grisette
Amanita amerifulva (fulva) (vaginata gr.)

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-08-30on ground in fir/aspen woods 8 cm high; cap 3-5 cm smooth tan oac751, slightly separating at edge; gills creamy oac751, very finely adnexed; stipe .5-1.5 cm grayish tan oac710, annulus remnant, sac-like volva present, spore print creamy-gray oac781, spores 8 microns, round, inamyloid

Entoloma rhodopolium gr.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-08-24on ground in fir/aspen woods 7 cm high; cap 7 cm silky gray oac799, holes eaten?; gills rosy buff oac794, sinuate, waxy, forked, somewhat widely spaced; stipe .8 cm off white oac809, waxy smooth, spore print pinkish brown oac709; spores angular 7.5 mic.
spores 400X
Siberian Slippery Jack
Suillus sibiricus

saved - no
spore print - no
2011-08-24On ground under white pines 5 cm high; cap 7 cm yellow oac812 with reddish-brown spots, sticky; pores brown oac776, 2x2 mm radially elongated; stipe .8 cm yellow with glandular dots; spore print cinnamon brown oac747.


saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-08-13On ground in aspen/fir woods, 4 cm high; cap 3 cm biscuit-colored oac792 lightening to cream at edge, convex with inrolled edge when young bcoming planar; gills crowded, creamy, free; stipe 3 cm x 3 mm colored similar to cap, flesible filled with softer tissue, many with small globs of creamy tissue at various places down the stipe (suggesting it is not an annulus, but it could be), much dark mycelia and duff attached to base; spore print cream oac794; a handsome little LBM..

Porphyrellus (Tylopilus) sp.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-08-10On ground in aspen/fir woods, 10 cm high, large olive colored bolete; cap 9 cm dark olive dry, pores olive brown and small; stipe 6 cm bulbous in middle and tapering down to base, flesh white, solid, slowly blueing then turning dark brown, taste mild, strong earthy odor; spore print reddish brown..
Green Russula
Russula aeruginea

saved - no
spore print - no
2011-08-10On ground in aspen/fir woods 7 cm high; cap 6 cm dull green, convex, slippery when wet; gills adnexed, white, close, serrated edge, stipe 5 cm x 1.5 cm white, brittle; taste mild ..
Scaly Lentinus, train wrecker
Neolentinus lepideus

saved - no
spore print - no
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolentinus_lepideus
2011-07-31Boulder Lake: At base of red pine, grouped from same base 3-8 cm high; cap dry, convex, 47 cm, buff /white darker brown scales areolate, inrolled edge; gills white/cream, close, adnate (almost decurrent); stipe fleshy 3-5 cm x 1.5 cm attached at edge, same color as cap with scales flaking off, bulbous base, very small annulus at edge of gills. Comment: Common name likely due to ability to grow on creesote treated wood.
Fan Pax?
Tepinella panoides ? or Crepitodus sp.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-07-28 On small log in aspen/fir woods; 2 cm shelf with gills; cap brown oac 08, downy, lighter and raised at base/connector; gills close brown oac710, wavy; stipe absent, attached laterally; spore print brown oac748.

Xerula cf. furfuracea

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-07-24 near Hackensack, MN : Several growing at the base of a white oak tree 10-14 cm high; cap 10 cm, white turning gray/buff in age, very wet but not slimy, shallowly convex becoming irregularly planar with shallow umbo covered by brown scales, some radiating lines, gills adnate, loose, large, white, mildly waxy, very slight spore print obtained was white; stipe 10 cm x 1.3 cm, dry, similar in color to cap, no annular ring or volva, stalk consisting of conspicuous spiral fibers making a stiff stalk. Awaiting microscopic observation.
Crested Coral
Clavulina

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-07-23 On moss on decomposed log 2-4 cm high, buff oac793, branches pliable from common base, tips with 4-7 teeth slightly darker,
Peppery Bolete
Boletus piperatus

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-07-23 On ground at base of aspen, 7 cm high; cap 4 cm smooth, brown oac741 darker to center, viscid when wet (one specimen broken into scales/plaques on lighter context), planar top; pores 1-2 mm, convex, reddish-brown oac699, not bruising, taste peppery after 10 seconds, ?? soft brown veil remnant at edge; stipe 3-5 cm x .7-1 cm, smooth, same color as pores, darker brown peeling, solid flesh yellowish-buff oac803, brighter yellow on base of stipe (mycelium?); spores browninsh-orange.

Cheimonophyllum candidissimum

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-07-20 On rotted logs (common), .5-2 cm shelf; cap smooth, white, edge inrolled; gills widely spaced, forked, veined; stipe absent, attached laterally; no spore print obtained.

Russula brevipes

saved - no
spore print - no
2011-07-16 "Mush-rump" emerging from ground on edge of aspen/fir woods, 4 cm high; cap 9 cm, white, dry with litter stuck to it, convex with depressed center; gills white, crowded, doubling near inrolled entire edge; stipe 4 cm x 2 cm, white, solid, enlarged at base.

Russula cf. placita

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-07-15 On ground in aspen/balsom fir woods, 6 cm high, solitary; cap 6 cm, orange oac671 (not pimply), oblate with shoulders 1.5 cm high, hygraphanous, peels 40% to center, taste mild; gills adnate, crowded, cream/pale yellow oac814, not producing latex or bruising/darkening; stipe 1.2 cm, white, brittle/snapping; spore print creamy
Wooly Inky Cap
Coprinus cf. lagopus

saved - yes
spore print - yes, light
2011-07-15 in wood chip path, 8 cm high, grouped at base; cap 5 cm gray oac731, pileus extremely thin/transparent, quickly deliquescing, gills coming through cap, conical when young becoming planar with shallow light brown umbo [looking like plicatus, but stipe wooly]; gills free, radial/unbranched, crowded, turning black at edges first, pleated edge; stipe 7 cm x .5 cm tapering to top, white, wooly, hollow, brittle longitudenally; spore print black, sparse; microscopically, pileus all large cells joined like cobblestones, spores 9x7 microns, short elliptical, dark brown, smooth.
? Veiled Oyster
Pleurotus cf. hydnis

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-07-12 on downed aspen log, looked and smelled like oyster, but with 4 cm stalk and croweded gills; cap 8 cm, white, w/ brown spots and small grey specks, dry, convex to planar with depressed center; gills close to croweded, white with brown streaks, decurrent, edge entire; stipe 4 cm x 1 cm, off center, solid, light toan, ? slight veil remnant where gills end.
Golden Waxy Cap
Hygrocybe chlorophana cf.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-06-30 on ground (path) in aspen-fir-birch woods, 4 cm high; cap 2.5 cmbright yellow oac811, convex, hygrophous to viscid, smooth; gills attached, adnexed, waxy looking, sinuate, doubling near edge, yellow oac812; stipe yelllow oac811, hollow, brittle breaking longitundinally, smooth; spore print white oac809, gill tissue parallel, smooth elliptical spores.
Gymnopilus sp. terestris cf.
saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-06-29 in soil at edge of fir copse, 3 cm high; cap 1-2 cm, smooth to finely velvety, brown/orange oac707, convex with depression/joining on stem side, darkened with KOH; gills similar color, widely spoaced, adnate; stipe tan oac710, 2.5cm x .5-1cm, striate, fibrous, mass of mycelia at base. No spore print obtained; at 400X very few spores (immature?) those present nearly spherical .75 microns, rusty brown, cystidia present; taste mild.
gill edge 400X

Collybia butyracea cf.

saved - yes
spore print - yes
2011-06-28 In litter in fir aspen woods, 6 cm high, attached at base; cap 1.5 cm light brown oac701, lighter at center 718, convex, edge straight; gills broadly adnexed, crowded, creamy oac718l stipe 5 cm, white oac 816, smooth, tapering from 7mm base to 3 mm top; white/creamy spore print; pileus may be mat of repent hyphae; only immature spores found. More samples necessary.
Brown Clustered Ear Cup
Otidea alutacea cf.

saved - yes
spore print - no
2011-06-22 Cluster on gravel (may be buried sawdust) 4-5 cm wide semi-erect loose cups, smooth dark brown on top, underside scurfy brown-tan; spores brown smooth eliptical, 8 or more in ascus. 400X

Lentinus strigosus (Panus rudis)

saved - yes
spore print - yes
www.mushroomexpert.com/panus_rudis
mushroomobserver.org
2011-06-20 Growing out of worm hole in balsam fir log; cap shallow funnel 2.5 cm wide, tan with purplish tinge when fresh with brown center fading to brown 0ac646 when dry, furfuraceous, edge curled down; gills decurrent extending down stipe 1+ cm, tan oac759, crowded, forking near edge; stipe 2cm x 7 mm, gills ending abruptly, stipe completely in the hole, wood/mycelia surrounding most of stipe, no annulus; spore print tan oac759, microscopically spores smooth longish ovoid 5x3m, non-amyloid, lamellae with large conspicuous clavate cystidia on edge.
lamellar edge 1000x
Clustered Psyathyrella ?
Psathyrella hydrophila group: spadicia on Populus, sublateritia with reddish spore print ?
2011-06-01 In group on decomposed stump in thick fir woods; 5 cm high; cap 4 cm smooth/shiny dry, tan aoc710 with darker center and edge oac701, without veil, microscopically filamentous; stipe 4 cm x 1 cm similar colors, brittle, without annulus, base larger but no volva; gills close, bifurcating, adnexed/adnate, sinusoid?, medium tan/brown oac768; spore print medium brown oac719 with thin depositions rosy; spores 7.5 x 5 microns somewhat flattened on one side, smooth with no obvious apical pore; hymenium many small cells with no obvious cystidia; stipe cells long hyphae with septa
? fragrant Innocybe
Inocybe sp. ? pyriodora
2011-06-01 On wood chip path; 5 cm high; cap 4 cm tan aoc717 with darker umbo; 4 cm x 5 mm tan oac815 brittle stalk with annulus; gills close adnexed oac710 fresh turning brown on drying; spore print dull brown oac640; spores 8 microns smooth amber with no obvious apical pore; 'inflated' cells on edge of gill tissue (cheilocystidia?)
gill 1000X
False morel
Gyromitra esculenta
2011-05-15 On ground in aspen/fir woods; 4 cm high with brown aoc733 convoluted,rubbery, brain-like cap; 2 cm x 8 mm tan rubbery stalk with small cavity while cap is hollow;

Black Snowbank Cup Fungus
Plectania nannfelfdtii
2011-05-15 Several in duff in fir woods; 1.5 cm jet black cup, fibrous-rubbery; upper-inside surface appears fertile; 4 cm x2 mm thin stalk (almost wholely in the duff);
ascii 400X


? Psathyrella sp.
2011-05-09 On disturbed ground in loose group; 3 to 5 cm high, cap streaky brown/tan aoc688 conical with rounded umbo and infolded edge; gills free dark brown oac734 close branching; stipe central 4 cm x 3 mm smooth fibrous hollow; spore print brown oac639; microscopically, spores are amber colored, ovoid, smooth? to roughened with terminal apical pore, long hyphae without septa, enlarged clear cells unlike cystidia observed.
brown oac639 spore print

stipe 400X

pileus 400X

Funalia trogii ?
2011-04-123 cm x 5 cm polypore shelving on aspen stump, soft leathery velvety on top beige (oa794) to red-brown at edge, underside grey-brown (oa728) tubes, no reaction to KOH on upper surface, no spore print obtainable.
cut edge

400X
black knot
Apiosporina morbosa
2011-01-21polypore surrounding twigs of maple tree; black, firm, 3/4" irregular cylinder around twigs; cross section with outer black corky layer and inner layer light brown, radially columnar. Common but only described as a plant pathogen. ......
Tree ear
Auricularia sp.
6-25-11-11On fallen fir log, brown rubbery shelf extending horizontally 6 x 4 cm from crack in log, convoluted membrane 3mm thick extending 2 cm vertically, undersurface lustrous brown without gills or obvious pores, upper surface more dull, spore print white..
Man on Horseback ?
Trichloma flavovirens

comment: Attracted to this as it was a very late-in-the-year survivor sticking out of the snow.

2010-10-27, 2011-09-01On mound of old wood and soil in thisk aspen/fir woods, cap 5 cm yellow-green somewhat concave due to edge broken radially (mature specimen), stalk 4 cm x 1 cm smooth firm somewhat fibrous not brittle, gills yellow notched evenly spaced, spore print white; (update) no cheilocystidia observed, spores 5x4 microns, smooth. ..

Lacaria laccata
2010-10-06On ground in group, cap smooth/tiny scales convex 4 cm with depressed center, stalk 4 cm x .5 cm small fibers tough hollow, gills flesh-colored attached evenly spaced, spore print white....

Entoloma sp. ?
2010-10-03On ground in woods several from same base, cap 5 cm smooth light rosy tan with small darker umbo, stalk 5 cm x 1 cm smooth tan, gills tan loose notched larger and smaller blades, spore print rosy tan

"Entoloma sp. Marasmius would have white colored spore print. Entoloma sp. are very difficult to identify, but the genus has very characteristics spore shapes, another identifying character in addition to the pink spore print and sinuate gill attachment. Pluteus is the only other genus with pink spore print, but the gills are free, and it usually grows on wood." Anna G.

..
Blood Red Cort
Cortinarius cnnabarinnus
2010-09-29On ground in woods, cap smooth dark red 4 cm with umbo, stalk dark red 3 cm x 1 cm smooth, gills dark red attached/notched, spore print dark reddish brown..
Ivory Waxy Cap
Hygrophorus eburneus
2010-09-29On ground in woods (LOTS of them), all white except yellow smear (raining), cap white 3 cm concave slimy, stalk white 4 cm x 8 mm without ring or volva, gills adnexed to decurrent clean white not giving latex, spore print white

edible, but mild. avoided the sliminess by picking them when dry. reduce water content by sauteeing

..
Fairy Stool
Coltricia perenis
2010-08-26On ground near aspen, 4 cm stalked cup, cap brown zoned dry concave, stalk brown 3 cm x 3-5 mm tapering to top lower finely velvety, pores like tiny teeth dark brown, spore print not attempted.....
Rusty Gilled Polypore or Yellow-red Gilled Polypore Gloeophyllum saepiarium or trabeum2010-08-26Bracket on aspen/birch log 5-20 cm across (360 deg in one specimen), cap zoned maroon red / darker-lighter greys, growing edge yelloe-red, "gills" yellow shallow when young, dark brown and 'toothed' in old specimen, spore print not attempted.
Birch polypore Piptoporus betulinus2010-08-26Bulbous bracket on birch 2-25 cm across, rounded white with tan cap incurled edge, stalk absent attached laterally, pores white, spore print not attempted.small young edible but not attractive; older tough bitter....
?
Cortinarius sp.
2010-08-25on ground in pine woods; 4 cm high (immature specimen), cap 3 cm brown smooth inrolled; stalk 4 cm long 2 cm at base tapering to top with wispy partial viel (cortina), gills close tan minimally opened, did not give spore print ......

Lepiota ?sp
2010-08-24on ground in pine woods; 7 cm high, cap 5 cm brown scales dark center scales on edge; stalk 6 cm long 1 cm thick tapering to top, splotchy brown below wispy annulus, no volva; gills close cream colored wrinkled, spore print white
Purple Staining Lactarius
Lactarius subpalustris?
2010-08-23on ground in thick fir/aspen, cap 8 cm grey/brown slightly viscid, stalk 5 cm long and 1.5 cm thick tapering to base splotchy tan with no volva, gills close large slightly decurrent giving a creamy latex that slowly turns surrounding tissue purple, spore print creamy white....
Man on horseback
Tricholoma flavoriens
2010-08-23on moss covered ground in thick fir/aspen, cap 3-6 cm convex smooth yellow-green, stalk same color and texture "flaky" when bent (not brittle), gills close yellow adnexed, spore print white..
Laccaria sp.2010-08-21On ground in group in woods, purplish cap (faded in photo) 4 cm with hole in center, stalk 7 cm central tough fibrous purplish, gills purplish loose clean, sport print whiteCoincidentally found a fleshier stemmed Laccaria ? ochropurpurea ? on the foray; edible but unremarkable
Foray at Wild River SP with MMS2010-08-21Twenty people and buggy, but got some chantrelles and many good hedgehogs. Enjoyed the discussion. ..
Daedaliopsis confragosa2010-08-16 On underside of dead birch branch, 4 cm bracket-like cap zoned dark/light tan, pores arranged in maze of rigid brown crinkled 'gills.' Originally misidentified as crinkle gill.
Paxillus panuoides2010-08-16On old felled log, 3.5 cm creamy gilled bracket with brown edge, without stalk and attached at edge, gills close tan soft, spore print brown with perhaps purplish hue
Yellow Pholiota
Pholiota sp. (? flammans)
2010-08-12 On log frimly attached, 3 cm yellow cap dry with a few darker scales and pieces of veil /tissue like scales hanging from edge, stalk .75 cm slightly larger at base with smooth elongated scales, gills close creamy turning rusty brown, spore print light cinamon brown
Red Waxy Cap Hyrocybe sp. (? coccinea or marchii)2010-08-10 on ground edge of woods, small 2 to 3 cm wet red, cap convex shiny smooth bright red, stalk 4mm smooth red fibrous perhaps lighter at base, gills loose waxy free lighter at edge, spore print not taken
forage at St Croix SP2010-08-06 individual visit to Big Eddy midweek. Chantrelles had recovered from weekend picking; still many. Also found a group of King Boletes, some past prime but several very good....
? Megacollybia 2010-08-05solitary in dense fir/aspen, 6 cm high; 13 cm tan to brown unevenly planar cap, slightly inrolled margin; creamy close gills adnexed or slightly notched NOT givning latex; stalk very firm creamy irregular in x section; creamy white spore printcomment: similar sized R. brevipes here are still white and vase shaped. Lack of latex or staining suggests not Lactarius.
Lactarius thyinos2010-08-02on ground under young firs, solitary, 7 cm light orange slightly viscid cap with concentric darker rings but NOT darker towards center, 7 cm long 1.5 cm stalk same color as cap and gills, decurrent gills forking, bladelike, spore print creamy; NOT green staining and does NOT produce latex
creamy
comment: cap looks like Lactarius, but does not produce latex or stain green; cap not darker towards center like false chantrelle; not on wood or in group like Omphalotus. observed during wet season so may not have produced red latex; similar to deliciosus
Violet Tooth
Trichaptum biforma
2010-08-02on birch log, 4 cm brackets pliable fresh, outer rings violet tinged, pores violet colored small
Turkey Tail
Trametes versicolor
2010-08-02on birch log, 3-8 cm fan shaped brackets pliable fresh, bands of brown, orange, biege, etc; pores white very small..
Witch Butter
Tremella mesenterica, Brown Witch Butter
Tremella encephala?
2010-07-31on rotted wood, yellow on land; flesh St Croix S.P.3-6 cm groups of rubbery yellow/flesh-colored lobesspore print not attempted..
Fly Agaric
Amanita muscaria var. formosa
beautiful but poisonous
2010-08-01aspen fir woods on ground, NW of drive14 cm high; 7 cm pale yellow cap with white warts not striate; white 2 cm stalk scaly concentric volva, skirtlike annular ring, white gills adenate?
white
Notes for July

The season of the boletes has been good to me. Most frequent edibles are Aspen bolete Leccinum insigne and Lobster mushrooms Hypomyces sp. which are both wonderful. Found most in the dense fir/aspen copses on our land; the ground cover elsewhere may be hiding them. The aspen 'scabbers' make excellent soup and dry well. I've sauted and frozen parts of the huge lobsters. Both are tasty accompaniments to small amounts of chicken or pork with onions, etc.

Other interesting finds were a fruiting body of Fuligo / slime mold (a protist) and, although common, Asterophora lycoperdoides was just too cute; did not smell cute! Russalas are everywhere in a multitude of colors and sizes. Polypore brackets are growing but so far resisting positive identification. The Pleurotus, Corts and Coprinus of May/June are not in evidence. Found some nice Horse Agricus in St Paul but they were too mature for cusine.

July is also the month I got out on forays with both the Paul Bunyan / Walker group and MMS. Truly enjoyed Ty's talk on culturing Oyster mushrooms and will be doing that and others with him. Little sign yet (a small amont of mycelium) of the Chicken of the Woods I started with plug spawn on fir logs and stump. Also hope to start doing some microscope work in August.

Hedgehog mushroom Dentinum repandum2010-07-30by rotting log in thick woods N of parking area5 cm high 3.5 cm wide tan dry cracked cap, .5 cm buff colored teeth under cap, smooth firm 1 cm stalk; brittle (cracked when dropped) white
slippery jack
Sulius americanus
2010-07-27 aspen/fir/pine by walk to shelter 8 cm high, 7 cm dull yellow planar cap with brown spots around edge, 6 cm curved solid stalk with glandular spots, pores yellow somewhat radially alligned
cinammon brown
? slippery jack Sulius sp.2010-07-26 under dense aspen/fir N or big hole7 cm high, 3 cm dry olive cap, 5 cm creamy stalk with glandular spots, pores brown with yellow pores around margin(?) unable to get spore print, mature?
Lobster Mushroom / Hypomyces lactifluorum2010-07-23, 2010-07-26 fir/aspen woods SW of gatebright orange skin and pimples parasite on Russala 8-20 cm convoluted Russula, rudimentary gills and stalk
slime mold / Fuligo septica not fungi, rather Protista2010-07-23 on stump edge of woods8 cm light beige 'textured' ball, soft easily scraped away to reveal black granular inteior with no apparent structure, no stalk, another flat layer of beige on adjacent wood..
? Russula sororia group ? Clitocybe gigantica ?2010-07-21 north-facing slope of mixed woodslarge gilled mushroom 10 cm high and as wide, tan cap striate with gills visible through cap and edge ragged in older; stalk spindle shaped white fibrous somewhat brittle, hollow with crumbly tan interior no ring or volva; gills soft white close; taste slowly peppery/acrid
white
Asterophora lycoperdoides2010-07-19 Aparasitic on putrescent Russala group, 1 cm white stalk, .75 cm round white caps remaining spherical, very small gills, no veil or volvaunable to get spore print
Giant Horse Agricus / Agricus oceanus group2010-07-19 BSt Paul in lawnlarge, squat, 15 cm smooth white dry cap convex to planar, 7 cm stalk 2 cm wide solid with skirtlike annular ring smooth white above no volva, gills large free chocolate brown in mature specimens
dark chocolate brown
reportedly quite edible; these were too mature
Birch Bolete / Leccinum sp.2010-07-18 behind shop; mixed woods 10 cm high, smooth brown cap, white pores, cream colored 2 cm even stem with scabbers no veil or volvano time to photograph or spore print mushroom soup: sauted with onion, carrot, pepper, salt, roux, double milk. Gourmet!..
Foray with Paul Bunyan Club2010-07-17 Lake Erin / Walker, MN
Chanterelle / Chantharellus cibarius2010-07-17 mixed oak woods near Walker, MN3 to 10 cm orangish-yellow cap visilble above leaf litter concave, gills decurrent yellow and forked continuous with stemwhite sporessauted with olive oil on toast with hummus and fresh tomatoes. Excellent.
King Bolete / Boletus edulis2010-07-17 mixed oak woods near Walker, MN8 cm light brown convex dry cap, 5 cm tan reticulate stem wider toward base, pores white and filled[not sporing]sauted with olive oil on chicken & noodles with onion, roux. Superb _MUSHROOM_ flavor.
Horn of Plenty/ Craterellus cornucopioides/fallax?2010-07-17 mixed oak woods near Walker, MN5 cm high by 3 cm wide black/dark-purple (not blue) trumpet, lighter on the outside without gills, basically stemless[not sporing]sauted with olive oil. Earthy flavour like morels.
White Coral/ Ramaria sp.2010-07-17 mixed oak woods near Walker, MN3 to 5 cm high white coral, very little stem; unable to get spore printearthy smell and taste, not bitter or tough, went well in an omlet
Spring polypore / Polyporus arcularious2010-07-11lilac bush Small 2-5 cm shelf polypore cream with toast brown edge, adcurrent stem attached eccentrically, pores radially elongated, no spore print possible ..
Slippery Jack/ White Pine Bolete / Sulius americanus2010-07-08 by path in mixed woods 6 cm high, 5 cm cap with large yellow radially elongated pores, 5 cm stem yellow with reddish glandular marks, sticky to the touch ..
in situ
Russala sp. 2010-07-04on ground mixed woods 5 cm high, hollow stem white with faint pink blush, 4 cm cap planar light brown with darker umbo (mature), buff close gills attached to decurrent
light brown

in situ

cap & stem

gills & stem
Aspen scaber stalk / Leccinum insigne2010-06-29 Aon path in woods 3" high, 1"1/2 reddish brown cap with some pits, stalk tapering up with small black scabers, pores white small with edge of cap showingbrown
cap & side

side/pores
Waxy Cap / Hygrophora flavecens?2010-06-29 Bpath in woods 1"3/4 shiny yellow, 1" cap uneven edge, gills attached and branching
white

in situ

cap & side

gills & side
Russala sp. likely gracilis2010-06-29 Con ground in woods 5" high with pink convex cap, stalk hollow and brittle (some fiber) with pink blush, gills adnate, white and close
creamy

in situ

cap & side

gills & side
Bolete, likely Bolletellus chryenteroides2010-06-29 Don ground in mixed woods5+" high, 3" cap leathery textured and brown, pores brown and toothed (mature), stalk slender and finely fibrous brown (poor print)
in situ

side

cap & print
Corttinarius ? 2010-06-16chip path 3" high, tan mushroom with immature; cap 2"1/2 wide, olive-tan, with lighter ring around definite umbo, wavy when mature; immature cap attached to stem with cortina?; 3" stem cylindrical, a bit fibrous, with ring, hollow; no bulb or volva; buff colored, attached gills fairly close with some forking; no odor detected.
medium chocolate brown

side/top

side/bottom
Bolete likely Tylopilus amylosporus 2010-06-14 A on ground in aspen/fir thicket mature mushroom with 3" wide tan to brown, aerolate, broadly convex cap with edge upturned, tan (turning reddish-brown after spore print)underside with pores rather than gills, 1.5" somewhat striate stem without scabs or dots and no ring or volva noted [currently lack the microsope to check spores]
cinnamon/ chocolate brown

side

cap

underside
Fairy helmet/Mycena? 2010-06-14 Bon ground in aspen/fir thicket 3" grayish, gracile mushroom with grayish, conical cap; broad, free, white gills, smooth stem without veil or volva
white
keyed out to Marasimus but more gracile
top/ side

underside
Cort. Inocybe? 2010-06-14 Cin chip path back of house 2" high mushroom with brown, 1.5", convex cap with slight umbo, veil rudimentary or absent on smooth, beige, 2" stem; attached or sinuate, tan gills evenly and closely spaced
medium to dark brown
smell ? fresh corn on crushing
top

side & under
Pleurotus populinus2010-06-02
2011-06-07
shelves on dead poplar logs or stumps; 1" to 4" creamy white to light tan caps attached to wood at side, or if on top a stemless cup with multiple lobes; little or no stalk; gills white and evenly spaced; spore print white (not lilac); they were delicious.
Agrocybe? 2010-06-01 St Paul; on ground under maiden's bower vine convex white cap with cracked buff patches on 4" smooth stem; no veil or volva; gills even and dull brown with tissue (veil?) extending over the margin and parts of the gills
dull brown

side

top
Trametes sp. likely versicolor (turkey tail)2010-05-17 dead tree along road many stapeless shelves up to 2" wide on dead tree. Underside reddish brown, pores rather than gills. May be last year's. Violet tooth (Trichaptum abietinus) may be more prevalent locally, but sample I observed was not violet spored
Northern Tooth /Shelving Tooth (Climacodon septentrionale)2010-05-15logs by sheltermany groups of white scales on dead logs; underside light brown and shagy.
?Coprinellus micaceous?2010-05-14yard (disturbed ground)dense group of small (<2 inch) tan/brown mushrooms on ground (much buried wood). Gills brown, closely spaced, and up against stem, but may be free. Mature flat and duller. May have short umbo. yard carpeted with these in wet June. spore print black

site, gills

spore print

References:
Mushrrooms of Northeastern North America by Bessette & Fischer Mushrooms Demystified by David Arona
Fascinating Fungi of the North Woods by Cora Mollen and Larry Weber
several publications by Paul Stamets
How to identify Mushrooms...I, III, and VI by Largent & Baroni