2019-20 Fungi Observations by Gene Kremer

2018 observations
2017 observations
2016 observations
2015 and previous years observations

Intended to document some of the local diversity of mushrooms and other fungi, and as practice in observation and identification of fungi. Best viewed with Firefox.
Primary Location: mixed woods (aspen, fir, maple, birch, pine) 20 miles north of Duluth, MN 47.043 N 92.095 W

common name
scientific name
date location/substrate;cap;gills;stipe;spore print;microscopic notes; comments...right-click /view image for detail
Mac/Safari use control-click and choose "Open Image in New Window"

saved -
spore print -
Hypholoma capnoides

saved - yes
spore print - purplish brown
20201002Adense cluster on buried balsam chips; cap convex cinnamon top fading to cream edge, inrolled, glaborous, dry; gills adnate, close, white turning grey; stipe 3-6cm x 10-12mm, buff, lacking ring (distinguishing it from H. sublaterium), cortina on very young with some tissue sticking to cap edge, equal, appears ceaspitose.
Innocybe rimosa

saved - yes
spore print - light brown
20200812Agroup on ground in mixed woods;cap 2-4 cm conical, tan darker on pointed umbo, edge separating; gills close, tan becoming darker; stipe 1 cm smooth tan somewhat striate, context white
Osteina obducta

saved - yes
spore print -
20200811Abracket cluster on conifer stump; 1-6 x 2-5 cm brackets fused and thickened at lateral base, off white, glaborus; rubbery fresh, tiny white pores; odor farinous, taste indistinct, hyaline with KOH.
Amanita siniflava

saved - yes
spore print -
20200810Aat base of dead aspen 12 cm; cap conical with vertical edge tan darkening to top center; gill free white; stipe straight, jaged lines on lower part, cup shaped volva.
Ramaria concolor

saved - no
spore print -
20200810Ccoral on groud in mixed woods; yellow branching stipes same as top; tips somewhat crested; odor anise, taste mildly bitter.
Phylotopsis nidulans

saved - no
spore print -
20200808Aon dead aspen several;cap 3x5cm orange, many darker fibers, oval, edge inturned; gill wide color as cap; laterally attached, no stipe.
Gyromitra leucoxantha

saved - yes
spore print -
2020-08-01 Bcup fungi on downed log with moss; cup 4-8 x 6-8 cm edge curled to cup; inner surface light brown, minutely velvety, somewhat irregular in bottom of cup; outer surface tan, velvety, edge folded in to center; attachment central by short irregular stipe.
Agaricus abruptibulbus

saved - eaten
spore print -
2020-08-01 Aon ground in mixed woods; cap 4-6 cm 'blocky' convex, creamy white, smooth; gills free, close, pink (young specimen), partial veil left on edge; stem 4 x 1.5 cm white, bulbous base, almond odor, no or minimal yellowing rxn to KOH
Hemileccinus subglabripes
syn. Boletus subglabripes

saved - yes
spore print - cinnamon brown
2020-07-18 Aon ground in mixed woods, loose group; cap 3-10 cm glaborus, brownish tan, smooth; pores yellow, pores tiny, not bruising, nearly free; stem 1.2-2.5 cm, light yellow to yellow, tiny scabers? same color as stipe
Agrocybe praecox

saved - yes
spore print - cinnamon brown
2019-09-11 Aon well decayed wood; cap 2-4 cm, cream with brown small umbo, darkening to tan-brown with age; gills cream becoming orangish-brown, attached; stipe 3-4 cm x .5 cm, equal, cream and grayish; odor/taste unremarkable; spore print brown; KOH turning pileus darker brown.
Russula albonigra

saved - yes
spore print -
2019-07-28 Aon ground in mixed woods; cap 6 cm x 7 cm, glaborus, white quickly turning gray on handling and black upon bruising; gills white turning black on testing for lactation; stipe 4cm x 1.5 cm, white turning black on handling; odor/taste unremarkable.

Mushrooms of the Midwest by Kuo and Methven
Mushrrooms of Northeastern North America by Bessette & Fischer
Boletes of North America by Bessette
Mushrooms Demystified by David Arona
Fascinating Fungi of the North Woods by Cora Mollen and Larry Weber
Lichens of North America by Brodo
several publications by Paul Stamets
How to identify Mushrooms...I, III, and VI by Largent & Baroni